1 〔場所〕at; in; on
  • スーパーで買った牛肉
    the beef I bought at a supermarket
  • 東京駅で彼に会った
    I met him at Tokyo Station.
  • プラットホーム[三階]でお待ちします
    I'll wait for you on 「the platform [the third floor].
  • 名古屋でバスを降りる
    get off a bus in Nagoya
  • 川で泳ぐ
    swim in a river
  • 彼はコンクールで優勝した
    He won (the) first prize in the contest.
  • 海岸で遊ぶ
    play on the beach
  • 通りで人に会う
    ((米)) meet a person on the street (▼((英))ではin the street)
  • 農場で働く
    work on a farm
  • 二階で寝る
    sleep upstairs
  • 高校で同級生だった
    We were classmates in high school.
2 〔手段,用具〕with; in; by
  • お玉じゃくしでスープをかきまぜる
    stir soup with a ladle
  • ペンで書く
    write with a pen
  • 英語で話す
    speak in English
  • 現金[千円札5枚]で払う
    pay 「in cash [with five 1,000 yen bills]
  • 彼の新車でドライブに行った
    We went for a drive in his new car.
  • 辞書でその語を調べなさい
    Look up the word in a dictionary.
  • 機械で織った敷物
    a rug woven by machine
  • 自転車で
    by [on a] bicycle
  • 飛行機で
    by air [airplane/plane]
  • 手紙は航空便で着いた
    The letter came by air (mail).
  • 彼女は歌で生計をたてている
    She earns her living by singing.
  • 弱火で魚を煮る
    simmer fish over a low heat
  • ピアノでソナタを弾く
    play a sonata on the piano
  • ぬれたシャツを暖炉で乾かした
    I dried my wet shirt by [overin front of] the fire.
  • 望遠鏡で星を観察する
    observe stars through a telescope
3 〔材料〕of; 〔原料〕from
  • 木で作った箱
    a box made of wood/a wooden box
  • ミルクでチーズを作る
    make cheese from milk
  • プラスチックでいろいろの容器を作る
    make various containers 「out of [from] plastic
4 〔原因,理由〕of; from; with
  • チフスで死んだ
    He died of typhoid fever.
  • 自分の意志で辞職した
    He resigned of his own free will.
  • 飢えで苦しんでいた
    They were suffering from hunger.
  • 責任感でやったことだ
    He did it from [out of] a sense of responsibility.
  • 寝不足で気分が悪かった
    I felt unwell from lack of sleep.
  • 泥で汚れた靴
    shoes covered with mud
  • 怒りで気も狂いそうだった
    I was almost insane with anger.
  • 病気で行かれない
    I cannot go 「because of [((文))on account of] illness.
  • 雨で遠足がお流れになった
    Our excursion 「was washed out by [was called off because of] the rain.
  • 不注意で事故を起こした
    He caused an accident through his carelessness.
  • 雪の重みで家がつぶれた
    The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow.
  • 火事で焼け出される
    be burned out by a fire
  • 事故でけがをした
    He was injured in an accident.
  • 日照りで植物が枯れた
    The plants withered in the dry weather.
  • 彼は詐欺罪でつかまった
    He was arrested for fraud.
  • この湖は美しさで有名だ
    This lake is noted for its beauty.
  • 喜んで飛び跳ねた
    He jumped up and down for joy.
  • 所用で大阪へ行った
    He went to Osaka on business.
  • ころんでひざをけがした
    He fell down and hurt his knee.
  • 娘の死を悲しんで部屋に閉じこもった
    Grieving over the death of his daughter, he shut himself up in his room.
5 〔値段〕for
  • このセーターを5,000円で買った
    I bought this sweater for five thousand yen.
  • スーツを3万円で売る
    sell a suit at [for] thirty thousand yen
  • 1万円でおつりがありますか
    Can you give me change if I pay with a 10,000 yen bill?
6 〔基準・単位〕by
  • この国ではバターはポンドで売られる
    Butter is sold by the pound in this country.
  • 人を外見で判断してはいけない
    You should not judge people by their appearance.
  • 話し方でだれだか分かった
    「I knew who it was by [I recognized her from] the way she was talking.
  • 1時間に4キロの割合で歩いた
    I walked at the rate of four kilometers an hour.
  • 試験の成績でクラスを分けている
    Students are 「divided into [placed in] different classes according to their test scores.
  • 値段は大きさで違う
    The price varies with the size.
  • りんごは5個で400円だった
    I paid four hundred yen for five apples.
  • この肉は100グラムで300円だった
    The meat cost three hundred yen per [for a] hundred grams.
7 〔時間〕
  • 二日でその仕事を終えた
    He finished the work in two days.
  • 会合は午前で済むだろう
    The meeting will be over by noon.
  • 少年は7月2日で15歳になる
    The boy will be fifteen years old come [on] July 2.
  • 明日で願書受付は締切りになる
    Applications must be filed by tomorrow./Tomorrow is the deadline for applications.
8 〔年齢〕at (the age of)
  • 10歳でソナタを作曲した
    He composed a sonata at (the age of) ten.
  • 30代で店を持った
    He set up a business in his thirties.
9 〔動作の行われる状態・条件〕
  • 一人でそれをした
    I did it 「by myself [on my own].
  • 傘なしで出掛けた
    He went out without his umbrella.
  • 土足で部屋に入ってはいけない
    You can't enter the room with your shoes on.
  • 彼女は着物姿でパーティーに行った
    She went to the party in (a) kimono.
  • 彼は無礼な態度で見回した
    He looked around 「in a rude manner [rudely].
  • きれいな声で歌っている
    She is singing in a lovely [pretty] voice.
  • にこにこ顔で話し掛けてきた
    He spoke to me with a big [broad] smile.
  • 彼は実力だけで出世した
    He succeeded in life simply on the strength of ability.


  • 誠実で親切な人だ
    He is a kind, honest man.
  • 米国人で奥さんが日本人の人を知っている
    I know an American whose wife is Japanese.
  • 彼は著名な音楽家で息子は詩人だ
    He is a well-known musician, and his son is a poet.
  • 新聞を読んで食事をした
    He read the paper and then had his meal./After reading the paper, he ate his meal.


  • で,これからどうしようか
    Well, what shall we do now?
  • で,結果はどうだった
    And how did it turn out?

出典|小学館 プログレッシブ和英中辞典(第3版)について | 情報 凡例