1 〔はがす〕tear off
They tore [stripped] the decorative jewels off the statue.
I ripped [tore] the mask off the burglar's face.
2 〔奪い取る〕strip ((a person)) of ((his clothes))
I was robbed [stripped] of all I had by a bandit.
He was stripped [((文))divested] of his rank as sergeant.